«Детство» в со­циальных науках: но­вые смыслы и но­вые подхо­ды

Оль­га Ни­ки­ти­на-ден Бес­тен

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Ни­ки­ти­на-ден Бес­тен О. «Детство» в со­циальных науках: но­вые смыслы и но­вые подхо­ды // Интеракция. Интервью. Интерпретация, 2009. Том. 4. № 5. C. 7-39.

Аннотация


2008 год был объ­явлен в Рос­сии Годом се­мьи, а 2007 год прошел как Год ребенка в Моск­ве. Один лишь тот факт, что тогда имен­но будущий рос­сийский пре­зидент, Дмитрий Медве­дев, был назначен ответствен­ным за проект «Год семьи», говорит о том, что в стране, пе­ре­жившей бурные социально-экономическиe изме­не­ния, се­мья и детство вновь приобретают особо высокую символиче­скую значимость. Сре­ди множе­ства прошедших «праздничных» мероприятий, а так­же «серьезных» мер, принятых в рамках Года се­мьи и ос­вещен­ных СМИ, ме­ра, которая наиболее ярко выде­ляется в общественом сознании — это значительное уве­личе­ние пособия по рож­дению ре­бен­ка. С точки зре­ния государства, эта ме­ра направле­на, пре­ж­де всего, на стимулирование рож­даемости — и тем самым на улучшение демографиче­ской ситуации в Рос­сии — и может быть критически оце­не­на как погоня за цифрами, за коли­чеством де­тей в стране — вполне ве­роятно, что в ущерб каче­ству, например, финан­сированию других социальных программ.


Ключевые слова


год семьи; год ребенка; семья; детство;

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